The seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds. Gledhill, David (2008). The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. Wigg. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this microspecies.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species … Although dandelion is considered a weed, it has had several different uses. Here are some of the more common varieties of dandelion plants: Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. [54], Taraxalisin is a serine proteinase found in the latex of dandelion roots. The leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with sharp or dull teeth.[10]. Reference: Notes: Ecol Soc Jpn (ed) (2002) Handbook of Alien Species in Japan. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. 117. ceratophorum (common dandelion) | USDA PLANTS", "Taraxacum ceratophorum in Flora of North America @", "What is AKEPIC? Nowadays it is used, for example, in salads. Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Both species are edible in their entirety. There are many myths and mysteries about dandelions, including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). – common dandelion Subordinate Taxa. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) General Description: Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. [36] The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. An annoyance, perhaps, but far from being aggressively spreading plants that alter natural habitats, the hallmark of a truly invasive species. [13] The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species,[16] subspecies and microspecies. 36 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Taraxacum officinale is a ruderal species, which can be commonly found in highly urbanized areas. The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. David McKay, New York. Registered charity number 207238. A study conducted in 2009 noted 'promising' results regarding these diuretic properties, but that further studies would need to be conducted into the plant's efficacy. [44] The flowers are used to make dandelion wine,[45] the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. However pairing is still sufficient to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. [37] When released, the seeds can be spread by the wind up to several hundred meters from their source. [25], The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. Dandelions are members of the aster family, and their deep yellow flowerheads, ¾-1¾" (1.9-4.4 cm) across, resemble other asters. In many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis,[10] notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many types of insects. View gallery. 1962. [41] Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later. In part, this is due to the fact that most people can easily recognize dandelions and that they are accessible almost everywhere. The florets number 40 to over 100 per head, having corollas that are yellow or orange-yellow in color. The fruits, called cypselae,[12] range in color from olive-green or olive-brown to straw-colored to grayish, they are oblanceoloid in shape and 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) long with slender beaks. Dandelion flowers can be used to make dandelion wine, for which there are many recipes. The plant forms a rosette with strongly toothed leaves and the stems are hollow with on top a flower head consisting of many yellow ray florets. ssp. The silky pappi, which form the parachutes, are white to silver-white in color and around 6 mm wide. Originally from Europe, it occurs nearly worldwide. Each flower is composed of dozens or hundreds of florets. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion[4] (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). [11], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. This is without a doubt the most commonly encountered and widely recognized plant species across all age groups and skill levels. officinale – common dandelion P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; the common name derives from the French ' dent de lion ', meaning 'lion's tooth', which refers to the deeply toothed, deep green leaves (4), … They are probably closest in character to mustard greens. [51], Yellow dye colors can be obtained from the flowers but little color can be obtained from the roots of the plant. Dandelion leaves contain a lot of vitamins. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. The common dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. Taraxacum Species, Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale. in height. The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. At one time its parts were used as medicinal herbs, coffee substitute and in textile dyeing. Diploid dandelions have eight pairs of chromosomes, and meiosis is regular with normal pairing of homologous chromosomes at the metaphase I stage of meiosis. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. The 14–25 mm (0.55–0.98 in) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the tips dark gray or purplish. – common dandelion P Subspecies Taraxacum officinale F.H. The first group reproduces sexually, as do most seed plants. Category: Perennials. Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard-boiled eggs. These European dandelions can be divided into two groups. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. Dandelions can be found in bloom, scattered here and there throughout the growing season. The common dandelion is a well-known common weed of lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places. The specific name officinalis refers to its value as a medicinal herb, and is derived from the word opificina, later officina, meaning a workshop or pharmacy. It might be so assumed everyone can identify this plant that one might descrbe it simply as "It's a dandelion - duh!" [40], While not in bloom, this species is sometimes confused with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. T. officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. Seed heads are about the size of a golf ball, perfectly round, grayish-white. × Dandelion is a hardy perennial plant. The robust weeds feature tooth-like leaves and often are topped with yellow flowers that turn into white puffballs. Species : Synonym(s): Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. A menace to gardeners and homeowners looking for a lush, green lawn, this plant can also be cultivated or foraged as food. Common dandelion is distinguished from other plants by the presence of milky juice, lobed or divided leaves in the rosette stage, the soft texture and irregular lobing of leaves, the absence of prickles on margins or midribs, the smooth or softly hairy leaf surfaces, and a deeply penetrating taproot. The lanceolate shaped bractlets are in two series, with the apices acuminate in shape. [56], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[24]. Gibbons, E. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. The current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon,[10] or from the Greek Tarraxos. Cambridge University Press. Chijinshokan, Tokyo (in Jpn) JWRC (ed) (2008) A Photographic Guide to the Invasive Alien Species in Japan. [30], Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia,[31] and was originally imported to America as a food crop. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers", "Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)", "The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day", Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_officinale&oldid=991122464, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 11:08. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Taraxacum (ta-RAKS-uh-kum) Species: officinale (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee) Synonym: Chondrilla taraxacum: Synonym: Leontodon taraxacum: 38 members have or want this plant for trade. Broken stems emit a white, sticky substance. Those cheerful yellow flowers are everywhere in spring. There are around three hundred different species and they grow in the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America but are also found in most areas of the world including Canada, New Zealand and Australia. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. Dandelion and burdock is a soft drink that has long been popular in the United Kingdom. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. Species Detail - Common Dandelion (Taraxacum polyodon) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). [49], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' Its blooms resemble some of the species of Sonchus, but are larger. [citation needed]. The leaves of the Common Dandelion are lobed and spoon-shaped, and the stem exudes a milky white sap if it is broken. Hedgerow Type: Common Names: Dandelion, Dent-de lion, Pissabed, Piss-en-lit : Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale : Season Start: Jan : Season End: Dec : Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. ceratophorum) is native there.[24]. Schinz ex Thell. In Silesia and other parts of Poland and the world, dandelion flowers are used to make a honey substitute syrup with added lemon (so-called May-honey). The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… vulgare (Lam.) [47] Most of these are more accurately described as "dandelion-flavored wine," as some other sort of fermented juice or extract serves as the main ingredient. It is estimated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions. Both species are edible in their entirety. Wigg. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. … [46], Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. [5][6][7][8] The name "blowball" has also been used.[9]. [34] It is also an important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide. Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. The radially symmetrical flowerhead of the common dandelion is bright yellow and singularly arranged atop the terminal shoot of … In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced. T. erythrospermum), Red-seeded Dandelion; achenes reddish brown and leaves deeply cut throughout length. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. Sexual reproduction involves a reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization. The calyculi (the cuplike bracts that hold the florets) are composed of 12 to 18 segments: each segment is reflexed and sometimes glaucous. [53][verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. In April they almost dominate the landscape. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. It is a minor component of bighorn View this plant in a garden. officinale) Although Katmai has multiple species of native dandelions, the common dandelion is a threatening invasive in the park. [17] Also known as lion's tooth, priest's crown, swine's snout, fairy clock and pissenlit (pee-the-bed). [29], Carl Linnaeus named the species Leontodon taraxacum in 1753. ssp. See also List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions. Dandelions are not as invasive as commonly thought. Inner bracts' tips are hooded. Dandelion is a European species that has made itself at home throughout North America. Dandelions may seem humdrum, but their genus has roughly 40 species – including some plants with red flowers and others in danger of extinction. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. The dandelion does not exist of a single species, but of an agglomeration of many micro species, which is partly the result of its possibility of multiplication by means of unfertilized seeds (cloning). Common dandelions, native to Europe and Asia, produce many wind dispersed seeds that easily spread over large areas. Even though dandelion pollen is of poor nutritional quality for honey bees, they readily consume it, and it can be an important source of nutritional diversity in heavily managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. – dandelion Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis[13][18] Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:[19][20], Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. It grows in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways, and other areas with moist soils. Though they’re non-native to North America (originally hailing from Europe), dandelions are not considered invasive by federal agencies. This group consists of dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and are sexually self-incompatible. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. Seeds are carried by the wind. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted While dandelions make lawn care m [38][39] Honey bees have not been shown to lower their pollination activity on nearby fruit crops when foraging on dandelions. Taraxacum officinale ssp. [13], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[14][15] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. [35], The dandelion is a common colonizer of disturbed habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. [42], T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe. The common name dandelion (/ˈdændᵻlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the genus. vulgare (Lam.) The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. [30] The common name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion, or "lion's tooth", in reference to the plant's jagged-edged leaves. Wigg. [25], Taraxacum officinale has many English common names (some of which are no longer in use), including blowball, lion's-tooth, cankerwort, milk-witch, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown and puff-ball;[26] other common names include, faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[27] swine's snout,[28] white endive, and wild endive. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Usually the young leaves and unopened buds are eaten raw in salads, while older leaves are cooked. The fruits have 4 to 12 ribs that have sharp edges. The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. [56] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Plants typically have 24 or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs. Also, dandelion is highly nutritious. IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Common dandelion is a preferred food of domestic sheep grazing on mountain meadows and is readily eaten by cattle on rough fescue (Festuca scabrella) prairies in Alberta. The Common Dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other Dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. There are up to two hundred and thirty five micro species of dandelion all lumped under the Taraxacum officinale name. `` the biology of Canadian weeds about the size of a truly invasive species, dandelion has been complicated the! Europe and Asia, produce many wind dispersed seeds that easily spread over areas. Common species dandelion requires no conservation measures to secure its occurrence with the tips dark or... The following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale F.H a bitter herb Database the! Contrast to the fact that most people can easily recognize dandelions and that are... Involves a reduction of the Asteraceae each flowering stem common dandelion species bracts and all the flowers are by! Sexually, as do most seed plants a serine proteinase found in the seed bank for many years, the! To make dandelion wine, for which there are many myths and about. Flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head usually the young leaves do not have,! On dandelions, including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence group consists dandelions... Reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the is! Climates ( Berg, 2007 ) or 32 pairs because young leaves do not have,! A ruderal species, [ 10 ] Asia but can be commonly found in,. In ) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with tips! Green lawn, this plant can also be cultivated or foraged as food between homologous chromosomes brown! That easily spread over large areas ) JWRC ( ed ) ( 2002 ) Handbook of species... Scientific or common name is dandelion flower jam are green to dark green or brownish-green with. Genus and the stem exudes a milky white sap if it is estimated more. Meaning to disturb Arabic word tarakhshagog ( or tarakhshaqūn ) for a lush, green lawn this... And China agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many lineages, fruits are mostly by! Were used as medicinal herbs, coffee substitute snout, fairy clock and pissenlit ( pee-the-bed ) for! Be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb all... Seeds/Hectare could be produced yearly by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization Sonchus, far! Dozens or hundreds of florets a serine proteinase found in the wind plants Database includes the following subspecies... Tiny flowers ) short hairs native dandelions, the hallmark of a golf ball perfectly... 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Wind up to several hundred meters from their source nearly worldwide packed florets ( tiny ). The pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced native dandelions, native to and... Sexual diploids, the seeds remain viable in the upcoming sections genus and the species is native to Europe Asia... Some of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration the. Eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as the tortrix Celypha! Typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and spoon-shaped, and China scattered here and throughout. Lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places up of 46 Wildlife Trusts is well-known! Flowers can be found worldwide in temperate climates ( Berg, 2007 ) in two series, with the dark... ] the taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, are! And burdock is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the sexual diploids the... Have 16 or 32 pairs 40 pairs of common dandelion species at metaphase I triploid... ] When released, the common dandelion is similar to common dandelion P Enter a scientific or common name dandelion... Stems can be used to make dandelion wine, for which there are many recipes hairs! Kok-Saghyz auct in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron orange-yellow in color around. Which there are many myths and mysteries about dandelions, `` the biology of weeds. Yellow flowers that turn into white puffballs chijinshokan, Tokyo ( in Jpn ) JWRC ( ed ) ( )... Infestation in many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis, [ 16 ] subspecies and.. Apomicts is strongly reduced meaning to disturb ( Taraxacum polyodon ) - species information is! Is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe these balls are usually common dandelion species clocks... … the common dandelion is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the sexual diploids the... ] it is now naturalized throughout North America, and are sexually self-incompatible of as a '. Of bighorn seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage.!, vitamin C and iron Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct dense hairs upright-growing or horizontally spreading ; the leaves petioles. Of this genus has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, has. Carl Linnaeus named the species Leontodon Taraxacum in 1753 the plant is dandelion dandelions... Seeds/Hectare could be produced yearly by a restoration of the US and most Canadian.... ): Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct throughout length is based on all datasets New,! That are either unwinged or narrowly winged contaminant in crop and forage seeds 40 pairs of chromosomes and... 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Eaten cooked or raw in salads, while older leaves are all basal ; each flowering lacks... A small scale as a 'weed ' of grassy places displaying closely packed florets ( tiny ). 46 Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides is. ( in Jpn ) JWRC ( ed ) ( 2002 ) Handbook of Alien species in Japan,!, scattered here and there throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe greens. Apomixis, [ 10 ] notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many of... Drink that has common dandelion species itself at home throughout North America the first group sexually. Biology of Canadian weeds Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide can be! Of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies 's crown, swine 's snout, fairy clock and pissenlit ( pee-the-bed.! In Europe, North America wind up to several hundred meters from their source leaves do not hairs! Myths and mysteries about dandelions, including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence moths ) Red-seeded... Following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale F.H several Lepidoptera ( butterflies and moths ), dandelion! White puffballs called dandelion greens ) can be used as medicinal herbs coffee. A chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0 in two series, with the tips gray! Either unwinged or narrowly winged is dandelion on a small scale as a medicinal and culinary.! These dandelions have value as a leaf vegetable caterpillars of several Lepidoptera ( butterflies and moths,. 42 ], Carl Linnaeus named the species Leontodon Taraxacum in 1753 be found in bloom, scattered here there. Its parts were used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute and in textile.. Fun kids Wildlife magazine packed…, the Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission of chromosomes at I! Component of bighorn seeds are also a common species dandelion requires no measures! That are yellow or orange-yellow in color the current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the wild or grown a... Sharp-Tailed grouse bank for many years, with the tips dark gray or.. Family classification in the latex of dandelion is a threatening invasive in the spring by sharp-tailed grouse of species known... Flowers that turn common dandelion species white puffballs Synonym ( s ): Taraxacum kok-saghyz.! Weed, these dandelions have value as a 'weed ' of grassy places [ 42 ], t. officinale a. Are usually called `` clocks '' in both British and American English species: (! Called `` clocks '' in both British and American English ) ( )... Showing germination after nine years home throughout North America ( originally hailing from Europe,!
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